They participated in the survey 93 centers out of a total of 103.
The anti-violence centers
Over half of the centers (56% of cases) can count on at least one hospitality facility (in 2018 there were 50).
Almost all the centers (about 91%), in addition to welcoming and offering the possibility of legal advice guaranteed in 100% of cases, offer psychological counseling and career guidance paths. In any case, well over half of them support women with self-help groups (65%) and with parental counseling (58%).
It should be noted that almost 80% of the centers are now able to offer advice to immigrant women who are not in good standing.
Almost all of the centers (98%) adhere to a territorial network mainly at the provincial level (45% of cases).
Most of the centers of the network (71 out of 93) have the opportunity to benefit from public funding from regional sources, over half of them (61%) from funding provided by the Municipalities and about 40% can count on funding from the DPO for an annual average of 38.855 euros, 39.831 euros and 15.742 euros respectively.
Private funding is a source for 62 centers but these are "minor" figures: on average € 15.317 per year.
Women supported by anti-violence centers D.i.Re
In the reference year, a total of 20.432 women were accepted with an increase, compared to 2018 (19.715), of 717 contacts; of these 14.431 are "new" women (year 2018: 15.456).
The characteristics of women have been consolidated over the years: in the vast majority of cases they are Italian women (only 26,5% foreigners), almost half (48,5%) are aged between 30 and 49, a woman out of three have zero income (33,8%) and just over one in three can count on a secure income (36%).
It should be noted that only 27,8% of the women accepted decide to start a judicial process.
The perpetrators of the violence
The perpetrator of the violence exercised on women who come to DiRe centers is predominantly Italian (only 21% have foreign origin): this data has been consolidated over the years (with insignificant differences) which challenges the widespread stereotype that sees the phenomenon of male violence against women reduced to the legacy of cultural universes located in the “elsewhere” of non-European countries.
His age is mostly (over 46%) between 30 and 59 years and in 40% of cases he has a stable job.
The forms of violence
The forms of violence exercised on women who turn to the centers are of various kinds. The most frequent is the psychological one, violence suffered by the vast majority of women (79,5%), followed by the physical one (about 60% of cases). Economic violence is carried out on a fairly high number of women (35%) while sexual violence and stalking concern lower percentages (15,3% and 14,7%, respectively).
The statistics relating to the indicator on the relationship of the perpetrator with the woman leave no doubt: the perpetrator is almost always the partner (55% of cases) or the ex partner (almost 20%). This means that in 75% of cases the violence is carried out by a man in relation to the woman. If we add the percentage of cases in which the perpetrator is a family member (8,7%) we arrive at almost all (83,7%). Very rarely is he an acquaintance or colleague or friend and almost never a stranger.
It is therefore a question of violence mainly carried out by people in strong relationship with the woman, therefore aimed at exercising and maintaining a relationship based on control and oppression of the partner.
From the comparison with the data of previous years, almost the same data are observed.
The rise in violence during the lockdown - 2019-2020 comparison
During the first lockdown imposed between March and May 2020, D.i.Re conducted a statistical survey on the number of women followed by anti-violence centers, divided into two periods.
From 2 March to 5 April the women who were supported by the anti-violence centers D.i.Re there were a total of 2.983, of which 836 women, or 28%, who had turned to anti-violence centers for the first time D.i.Re in that period, equal to 28 per cent of the total.
From 6 April to 3 May the women followed by the anti-violence centers D.i.Re there were 2.956 women in total, of which 979 "new" women, equal to 33%, or women who had turned to anti-violence centers D.i.Re in that time.
In 2019, women were followed on average per month by anti-violence centers D.i.Re instead, there were 1.695 of which 1.202, equal to 71%, the women who had turned to an anti-violence center D.i.Re for the first time.
There is therefore a general increase in the number of women who needed the support of anti-violence centers, but among these the number of those who turned to an anti-violence center of the network D.i.Re for the first time it drops dramatically, a sign that for many #restiamoacasa has meant resisting and enduring violence.
The infographic with the tables can be downloaded here.
The complete report can be downloaded here.