Candidates to the Europeans answer the questionnaire of D.i.Re and Wave on promoting women's rights and applying the Istanbul Convention

In recent years, the European institutions have contributed to the advancement of legislation and initiatives in the field of prevention and fight against violence against women, also and above all through the adoption of the Council of Europe Convention on gender-based violence and domestic violence, better known as Istanbul Convention, promoting equality between men and women in all fields and supporting specific programs and projects.

Much remains to be done.
Le European elections which will take place next 26st May they are an important opportunity for strengthen the commitment of the European institutions to women's rights and freedom of choice.

For this the European campaign Step Up! di WAVE - Women Against Violence Europe, made in Italy by D.i.Re – Donne in rete contro la violenza, Has asked some candidates on all lists how they interpret their commitment on these issues for the Europe to come.

The same questionnaire was proposed in all the countries of the European Union.

Here you will find the answers of those who have agreed to participate in the Step Up! Campaign.

Candidate with: M5S   District: South

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): M5S 2014-2019
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): none

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this?

Past and present contributions:
- law proposal: I have followed and supported several motions for resolutions in the European Parliament, including for example the resolution on the EU strategy for equality between women and men after 2015.
- proposed amendment on: In the amendments I have always supported the defense of women's rights and the promotion of gender equality. In particular, I proposed greater safeguards for LGBTI people, in order to eliminate any possible discrimination based on gender identity, expression and sexual characteristics; I also proposed amendments aimed at ensuring equal access for all to health services, strengthening the fight against school bullying and cyberbullying, hate speech and gender-based violence.
- specific project: -
- material support to: -
- political activism for: As a member of the Integruppo for the defense of the rights of LGBTI people, I have always been actively involved in the defense of the rights of LGBTI people and in the fight against all forms of discrimination. In addition, the issue of eliminating horizontal and vertical segregation in the workplace, the protection of the least advantaged categories, the fight against bullying and cyberbullying and any other form of mental and physical violence was considered important.
- other: -

Election program:
- promotion of regulatory instruments on: I believe it is important to put forward a legislative proposal to define minimum measures that prevent gender discrimination and protect LGBTI people, minors and the less advantaged.
- political lobbying: I intend to continue my dialogue with all associations that protect the rights of women, LGBTI people and promote gender equality, as well as other international organizations and bodies fully committed to defending women's rights.
- specific projects: -
- material support to: -
- political activism for: I will continue to extend my commitment to the fight against gender discrimination, to the prevention of violence against women and feminicides, proposing better cooperation between judicial, police and legislators, as well as a better implementation of existing laws in more recent times. close.
- other: -

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

I intend to promote meetings between interested parties and with government representatives to create greater awareness of the problem and further raise awareness of the need to prevent violence with concrete and effective measures.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women:
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family:
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: SI
- approach centered on the rights of all family members: SI
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: 
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: -

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: SI
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms:
- through private financing mechanisms:

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents):
- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): It is important to continue a constant and intense cooperation with international, European and national organizations, both in terms of information campaigns and real support on the territory.
-specific projects:  —
- material support to:  —
- political activism for: I undertake to organize awareness-raising and information meetings, within Parliament and outside it, and I will support all proposals that guarantee women's free choice about their sexual and reproductive rights and full control of their own body and their own. future.
- other:

Candidate with: 5 Star Movement District: Cdowntown

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): European Parliamentarian (with the post of Vice-President of the European Parliament) with the 5 Star Movement
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): no

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:
- law proposal: -
- proposed amendment on: -
- specific project: -
- material support to: -
- political activism for: I am committed to defending women's rights, promoting the fight against violence against women and preventing femicides; I have also taken steps to ensure respect for the fundamental rights of women in third countries, fighting all forms of torture, violence and discrimination.
- other: I was Vice-President of the LGBTI Intergroup in the European Parliament, and I supported in committee and plenary all the amendments and resolutions that promoted the fight against violence against women - including the implementation of the rules provided for by the Convention of Istanbul in the EU -, the protection of the rights of LGBTI people and the most disadvantaged groups. I also fully supported the directive on work-life balance in the field of gender equality.

Election program:
- promotion of regulatory instruments on: I intend, together with my colleagues from the 5 Star Movement, to pursue the application for the adoption of a directive on maternity leave, providing for measures to protect the birth rate, extending the number of weeks for maternity from 14 to 20 and protecting the post. work of mothers.
- political lobbying: I undertake to promote a dialogue within the Union to harmonize minimum standards and requirements in the fight against violence against women, strengthen dialogue with third countries to ensure extensive protection of women's rights, also intervening in trade agreements that they are stipulated between the parties, in order to ensure respect for fundamental rights, also intervening in the commercial agreements that are stipulated between the parties, in order to ensure respect for fundamental rights.
- specific projects: Among the projects we have in mind, there are: a minimum wage that guarantees decent living conditions for women, for the maintenance of themselves and their families; measures to support the birth rate in Europe and to support the family; projects to raise awareness in society in favor of a culture that respects the dignity of women in every context; strengthening the participation of women in the digital world
- material support to: -
- political activism for: I intend to commit myself to the fight against all discrimination in the workplace, in politics and in society, to eliminate the gender wage gap, to favor the integration of women into the world of work and, again, to the fight against violence against women in the EU and in third countries. Furthermore, I believe that the tools of legal and psychological support and advice in favor of victims of violence must be strengthened.
- other:

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

I intend to take action by organizing high-level conferences to address and discuss the issue of gender-based violence, as well as local and territorial thematic meetings to promote greater awareness on the subject.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women:
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family:
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: SI
- approach centered on the rights of all family members: SI
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: 
- 3 other fundamental criteria for her: Three undoubtedly important criteria are: the protection of fundamental rights, the promotion of a culture of respect and dignity for women, a vision aimed at action for concrete support (physical and psychological) to women

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: SI
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms:
- through private financing mechanisms:

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents):
- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): I will strive for the establishment of an enhanced dialogue with public and private organizations that promote the free choice of women and the planning of their own future and life.
- specific projects: -
- material support to: -
- political activism for: I will carefully monitor to avoid regressions at a European and national level with respect to the current level of acquired rights (defense of the 194 in Italy), enhancing the existing practices and regulations that are already functioning and trying to improve the contexts in which further steps are needed in after you.
- other: -

Stefano Ciccone

Candidate with: The left  District: Central Italy

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): no

Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): no

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this?

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal: -

- proposed amendment on: together with women's associations we have drawn up the proposals to modify the national anti-violence plan. In particular, I contributed to remodeling the interventions addressed to men in their generality and those addressed to perpetrators of violence.

 - specific project:I promoted with others the first public demonstration of men against violence in 2006 in Rome and then the two national appeals of men against violence. I coordinated the first national conference on work with perpetrators. I participated in the creation of the Five Men national video campaign against violence.

 - material support to:I have supported in the incubation of the enterprise of which I have been the direction, the constitution of the shock social coop and of other 6 companies run by women based on knowledge.

- political activism for: I founded with other masculine plural. I participated in about 600 meetings throughout Italy against violence and against gender stereotypes, homophobia, in schools, in trade unions, universities etc. I have promoted in social forums a proposal against male cultures and practices in the movements.

- other: published the book "Being Male, between power and freedom" and I am the author of chapters in 25 other books on gender stereotypes, male identity, normative heterosexuality, gender education, etc. Participated in conferences on these issues in Cuba, Barcelona, ​​Madrid, Zurich. I am in the scientific committee of the "Gender Identity" series of the Rosenberg & Sellier publishing house, I am in the scientific and coordination committee of the international Men in movement network, I collaborated in the promotion of "Educating for differences".

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: extension of parental leave to non-substitute fathers, right of asylum for reasons related to discrimination and gender-based violence, fight against trafficking.

- political lobbying: coordination with other deputies for the application of the Istanbul Convention. Participation in the European Men engage network with which I already collaborate.

- specific projects: European standard on parental leave for fathers. Contrast to the introduction of references to the pas.

 - material support to: participation of women in research projects in the next European research framework program

- political activism for: creation of a European network of connection between the existing initiatives of men against violence (Ahige in spain men in movement, men engagement, masculine plural ...)

- other: -

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

Above all, work on its effective application and adoption in national regulations on the most fundamental issues such as the gender approach in the methodology adopted by the centers. and enlargement to non-adhering member states. introduction of the topic in the negotiations with the associated countries and with which accession is negotiated.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:

- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women:

- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: -

- activities in various fields including violence in the family:

- gender approach to violence against women: SI

- gendered approach to violence against women: -

- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: -

- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -

- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: 

- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: -

Support:

9) through public funding mechanisms: SI

10) through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: SI

11) through private financing mechanisms: SI

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory instruments on (indication of specific instruments and contents): Parliament initiatives related to national legislation on the right to terminate pregnancy. European framework standards on reproductive rights, care sharing, non-straight couples.

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): Adoption of the Istanbul Convention.

- specific projects: European initiatives in programs of the various DGs in the field of female genital mutilation.

- material support to:  NGO in assisting migrants in this specific area.

- political activism for: Solidarity with women's associations in extra-European areas with monitoring, support and exchange activities. Commitment to countering forms of sexism included in nationalist, xenophobic, and populist policies.

- other: Organization of a stable European coordination and event in collaboration with already existing European associations and institutions on the commitment of men in the fight against gender violence, stereotypes and discrimination.

Candidate with: PD  District: Islands

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): Legislature 2014-2019, PD (S&D parliamentary group)
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): Nobody

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal:  

- proposed amendment on:ratification and / or full implementation of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and Member States (amendments 57, 177, 188 and 237 to the resolution on the protection of victims of crime of 30/5/2018)

- specific project: -

- material support to: -

- political activism for:the accession of the European Union to the Istanbul Convention: intervention in plenary on 23/11/2016; vote on the resolution of 24/11/2016; vote on the resolution of 12/9/2017 (the latter welcomes that the EU signed the Istanbul Convention on 13 June 2017 but highlights legal uncertainties due to the fact that accession is limited to issues related to criminal judicial cooperation , asylum and non-refoulement)

- other:Joining the international campaign "Stop violence against women NOW!"

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: -

- political lobbying: -

- specific projects: -

- material support to: -

- political activism for:ask the European Commission to develop a comprehensive EU strategy on combating violence against women and gender-based violence

- other:

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

Member States will need to be encouraged to speed up negotiations for the ratification and implementation of the Istanbul Convention and, furthermore, both the Commission and the Member States will need to be urged to develop practical guidelines and strategies for the implementation of the Convention.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support?

criteria
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: -
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: -
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gendered approach to violence against women: -
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: -
- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: -
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: -

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: -
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: -
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents):
- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): -
- specific projects: -
- material support to: -
- political activism for: -
- other: -

Candidate with: The left  District: southern Italy

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): European parliamentarian 2014-2019 The Other Europe - GUE / NGL Group
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): no

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this?

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal:REPORT Forenza-Björk From the INTA-FEMM commissions on gender equality in trade treaties of the European Union http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML+TA + P8-TA-2018-0066 + 0 + DOC + PDF + V0 // IT Approved in Plenary on 13/3/2018 with 502 votes in favor

- proposed amendment on:Recognition of the political and social value of women's spaces. Amendment 42 (Paragraph V) of the Report on Gender Integration in the European Parliament approved on 15/01/19 in Plenary

- specific project: -

- material support to: Women's homes, anti-violence centers in Italy

- political activism for: Not One Less

 - other: -

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: Establishment of the European minimum wage and self-determination income, elimination of the gender pay gap, ratification and implementation of the Istanbul Convention at the level of the European Union and Member States

- political lobbying: Aidos, Concorde, Wide +, End FGM Network

- specific projects:

- material support to: Women's spaces (homes, anti-violence centers, places of self-determination)

- political activism for: Not One Less

- other:  —

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

Using the relationship built with EIGE; inviting women to associations to speak in institutional contexts. Asking the Commission to the Council to give an account of the state of the art of the ratifications, and of the implementations of the Istanbul Convention and promoting debates in the Plenary.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support?

Criteria:

- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women:
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gendered approach to violence against women: -
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: -
- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: -
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: Violence against women has many faces: the violation of fundamental rights such as access to health (including abortion) and education, the wage gap are fundamental areas on which to move. Last but not least, self-determination income, also a tool for escaping from situations of violence

Support:

- through public funding mechanisms: SI
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: -
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents): - monitoring and verification of the application of the European Directive on access to health and approving the allocation of public funds to cover the financial hole left by the reintroduction of the Global Gag Rule.

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): Aidos, End FGM Network

- specific projects:  On the European Commission's NDICI Program, monitoring of the allocation of funds to projects for access to health, family planning, education, as requested by the European Parliament in this legislature.

- material support to:  Bodies and associations dealing with sexual and reproductive health and violence such as Befree, Vita di donna, le casa delle donne.

- political activism for:  Women's homes and anti-violence centers threatened with evictions and evictions.

- other: 

Candidate with: + Europe  District: southern Italy

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): no
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): no

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal: -

- proposed amendment on: -

- specific project: In my 16 years as a United Nations official, I have contributed a lot to promoting concrete actions and awareness-raising and political negotiation activities in favor of the women's rights agenda. In particular, I supported the creation in Burkina Faso of a multifunctional center for the rights and protection of women (Center du bien être de la Femme de Ougadougou), which dealt with legal assistance to women victims of violence and the fight against of genital mutilation. I then promoted the Security Council Resolution on Women in Peace and Security, in particular in peace-building activities in sub-Saharan Africa and in the prevention of violent extremism in the Mediterranean countries.

- material support to: Financial contribution to the activities of the Center du bien etre de la femme in Ouagadougou.

- political activism for: Women's rights, in particular political participation (with the organization of a school of politics for young women and the promotion of several women in the leadership of Più Europa) and the defense of women's rights in the world of work, through support for a group of women involved in the legislative activity of Più Europa and a measure on paternity leave to facilitate the life of working mothers (promoted by the Hon. Alessandro Fusacchia). A clear stance against the DDL Pillon.

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: Promotion of the Istanbul Convention, the latest UN Resolutions on the fight against violence against women and on the enhancement of the role of women in public life and in the productive sectors. Support for Italian legislative activities in favor of women's rights, to ensure advancement and not retreat in the field of rights.

- political lobbying: Strengthen the role of the European Parliament, not only in the regulatory field (within the limits of its prerogatives), but also in monitoring the situation of women in the Member States of the European Union.

- specific projects:

material support to: I will be proactively looking for projects to support with the political weight and visibility of the role of European Parliamentarian.

- political activism for: Greater meritocracy in the world of institutions and work, because I am convinced that if on the one hand the quota systems - well done and not just for facade - are short-term measures sometimes necessary, in the long term a meritocratic society that rewards commitment and skills will automatically be more respectful of everyone, starting with women, and will also enhance the presence of women in terms of representation. A greater presence of women in decision-making spheres and in active life - particularly in the constituency for which I am a candidate that sees a high rate of underemployment and very low political representation by women - will also guarantee a more coherent, modern legislative system and true protections of woman rights.

- other: -

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

Through direct activities aimed at the signatory countries that have not yet ratified, on the basis - however - of the role and the Commission that will be assigned to me.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: -
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: SI
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: -
- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: 5
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: The demonstration of autonomy in planning and transparency in reporting; the ability to create partnerships; the diversity and innovation of the initiatives.

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: -
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: SI
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents): As I am already doing in supporting the “Safe abortion” initiative as a member of the Italian Radicals Management.

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): Italian government and parliament, first of all, especially if the vision with respect to these issues were to remain so "backward".

- specific projects:

- material support to: -

- political activism for: Initiatives promoted by civil society actors.

- other: -

Candidate with: The left  District: City Center

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): no
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): no

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:
- law proposal: -
- proposed amendment on: -
- specific project: -
- material support to: -
- political activism for: Rainbow families, of which I was president until the moment of candidacy

Election program:
- promotion of regulatory instruments on: As a MEP, I am committed to supporting all acts, such as the resolution of 13 February 2019 and the 2015 report on women's empowerment through education, which can promote the introduction of affectivity and gender education programs in schools, making them compulsory disciplines in the countries of the Union.

- political lobbying: The European Parliament has the power to indicate to the Commission which path to take in terms of relations with the Member States. In this sense, the path that makes the possibility of accessing EU funds conditional on respect for human and civil rights must be pursued. A rule that today would make it possible to defend the rights of women and sexual minorities in countries such as Hungary.

- specific projects: Gender budgeting means building budgetary policies that allocate resources, also at the European level, in an effective way to reduce the opportunity gap between men and women, verifying the real impact of each initiative. Deep discrimination is often hidden behind measures that seem politically neutral with respect to gender: this is the case of quota 100 in Italy, which can be accessed by many more men than women. The European Union has been working on gender budgeting since 2015, but there is still a lot to do on this issue.

- material support to: Through programs such as the Rights, Equality, and Citizenship Program (2014-2020), the European Social Fund and Eramus + it is possible to support feminist associations. I will undertake to do so.

- political activism for:

- other: -

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

The convention has already been ratified by Italy. Other countries, such as Hungary and the Czech Republic, are reluctant. An extensive information campaign and networking with the progressive MEPs of these countries is needed. Furthermore, as mentioned above, I support instruments that link the granting of European funds to respect for civil rights.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: -
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: -
- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: -
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: -

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: SI
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: -
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents): As written earlier, I promote gender and affect education in schools. In this context, correct information on contraceptive techniques is necessary. Furthermore, abortion is among the civil rights whose application should be a parameter for the granting of European funds.

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): The lobbying must be done towards governments, passing through the Commission and its power of sanction towards the Member States.

- specific projects: Third sector initiatives in every single country must be promoted and supported, also through the European funds described above.

- material support to: -

- political activism for:

- other: -

Candidate with: Democratic Party (PD)  District: Northeast Italy

Previous European political mandates (with indication List / party): Outgoing European deputy, SD group, Italian PD delegation
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication):
Minister of Integration, National Deputy (PD)

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal: European Parliament legislative resolution of 16 April 2019 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the creation of a network of immigration liaison officers; EP resolution on the holistic approach to the migration phenomenon. In these two measures that bear my name, women's rights emerge as a priority in the management of the migratory phenomenon.

- proposed amendment on: Report on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union in 2016; Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Rights and Values ​​program; EU accession to the Council of Europe convention on prevention.

- specific project: I followed the adoption of the Measures to prevent and combat bullying and sexual harassment in the workplace, in public places and in political life in the EU.

- material support to: All legislation relating to the rights of vulnerable people, including the rights of women, girls and girls.

- political activism for: Initiatives related to women's rights, in Europe and in the world. I hosted the first major conference on women's rights and the diaspora at the European Parliament.

- other: I have participated in television and radio broadcasts, often confronting myself with colleagues who questioned the right to emancipation of women.

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: I firmly believe that women's rights must be treated comprehensively as a guiding principle of all national and European public policies, accompanied by adequate funding. The protection and guarantee of women's rights are fully part of my electoral program and not a day goes by when I don't meet exponents of women's associations active in defending our rights.

- political lobbying: The European Union must make the fight against violence against women its priority for the next mandate. All member states must ratify the Istanbul Conference and implement appropriate measures of gender-based violence.

- specific projects:

- material support to:

- political activism for:

- other: -

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

I will continue my fight in the LIBE Commission for all Member States to commit to ratifying the Convention. I will do this using the legislative tools that the treaties offer us but also the political ones, through awareness-raising and education activities.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: SI
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: SI
- approach centered on the rights of all family members: SI
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: -
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: Approach focused on the rights of migrant and refugee women; approach focused on empowering women; associations aimed at the recovery of victims of gender-based violence.

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: -
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: SI
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents): Unfortunately, many national legislations are restricting women's rights in health and reproductive matters, particularly as regards access to family planning and contraception, and are also trying to limit or abolish the right to voluntary termination of pregnancy. It is necessary to work not only at the legislative level but also at the political level and raise the awareness of European citizens towards these issues.

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): I will ask the Commission to include the promotion and improvement of sexual and reproductive health and rights in the next public health strategy.

- specific projects: Continue to organize conferences on women's rights around the world.

- material support to: -

- political activism for:

- other: -

Candidate with: Forza Italy  District: southern Italy

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): Forza Italia / EPP 2009-2019 MEP
Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): -

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal:

- proposed amendment on: Countless own-initiative reports in the FEMM Commission and LIBE.

- specific project:

- material support to:

- political activism for: Istanbul Convention, European Year for Combating Violence Against Women, pilot projects to support victims, funds for the European Institute for Gender Equality.

- other: Conference for the Istanbul Convention.

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: Ratification of the remaining member countries of the Istanbul Convention, regulation to increase penalties for perpetrators of domestic and gender-based violence.

- political lobbying: Women lobby, Women Entrepreneurs Platform, Human Rights Watch.

- specific projects:

- material support to:

- political activism for:

- other: -

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

By asking that the unanimity rule not be applied when voting in the Council.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

criteria:

- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: -
- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: 10
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: -

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: -
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: SI
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents): Freedom of choice and support for organizations in this area.

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders):

- specific projects:

- material support to: -

- political activism for:

- other: -

Candidate with: PD-We are Europeans  District: Northwest

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): No

Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): Legislature XIII (1996-2001) - Communist Refoundation; Legislature XIV (2001-2006) - Communist Refoundation; Mayor of Milan (2011-2016)

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal: -

- proposed amendment on: -

- specific project: -

- material support to: -

- political activism for: -

- other: During my administration in Milan, I made the following contributions: gender equality in the municipal council and in the strategic roles of investee companies (for the first time in Milan); appointment of the first female municipal secretary in the city; fight against sexist advertising; construction of a city network of anti-violence centers and promotion of shelters; promotion, financing and support for female employment and entrepreneurship with particular reference to start-ups.

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: 

- political lobbying:

- specific projects: 

- material support to: 

- political activism for: 

- other: I will personally strive to achieve equal pay for men and women. I am also thinking about the use of more European funds and resources for the activation of projects that work in the field of education, starting from kindergarten, to promote a culture of equality and respect between genders and for the contrast gender stereotypes (for example, training projects for teachers and directly with students with particular reference to the self-prescriptive dimension of occupational stereotypes and the division of care tasks between partners).

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

I will personally take steps to create tools that guarantee support and protection for women who are victims of violence and to achieve equal pay for men and women.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

criteria:

- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: -
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: -

- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -

- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: 

- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: -

Support:

- through public funding mechanisms: SI

- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: -

- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents):

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders):

- specific projects: -

- material support to: -

- political activism for:

- other: -

Candidate with: + Europe / Italy in common  District: North Western

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): Nobody

Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): Nobody

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal: -

- proposed amendment on: -

- specific project: Promoter of the birth of a group for the empowerment of women in the Chamber of Deputies on the initiative of the deputy of + Europe Alessandro Fusacchia. The group, which brings together women from civil society and associations across the board, has set up three working groups on women and welfare, women and entrepreneurship and women and education and the Facebook and Twitter pages "Più Donne al voto", with the objective of promoting the conscious participation of women in political life. A project related to this activity was the “We are here” press conference to promote a bill on paternity leave.

- material support to: -

- political activism for: For nine months she has been actively involved in activities to combat the 735 bill on separation and foster care, also known as the Pillon bill. Together with other activists I manage the Facebook and Twitter community "No ddl Pillon" which now has thousands of fans and I contributed to the organization of the press conference promoted by Senators Emma Bonino and Valeria Fedeli, and to the conference held in Milan "The rights of children and duties of adults "in which the theme of parental alienation was addressed.
- other: I actively collaborate with the Unstoppable Women group, the StartupItalia community! which unites women from the world of innovation, science and activism. The objectives also include transmitting positive role models to support the scientific paths of young women.

Program in case of election:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: Recognition of women's care and caregiver work through a European fund; smart working extension, or the possibility of working from home, to facilitate work-home reconciliation; ratification by the states of the commitments made by the EU with Directive 2006/54 / EC which aims to reduce the wage gap between men and women. Istanbul Convention application.

- political lobbying: If I am elected, I intend to become a member of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality, mainly dealing with equal opportunities in the labor market, starting with a co-decision on policies for family-work reconciliation and for overcoming the digital gender gap. Not only that, it is necessary to support the scientific paths of young women.

- specific projects: I would promote relations with European women's organizations and networks that deal with various issues relating to the condition of women, stimulating their collaboration with the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality

- material support to: -

- political activism for: Continue and implement the 2016/2018 plan for the full application of Directive 2006/54 / EC which aims to reduce the wage gap between men and women, contrasting the introduction of the legal concept of parental alienation in the matter of separation and foster care. already established by the 6th anti-violence plan in France and by other sentences. Tackling the practice of genital mutilation: MEPs are united in calling for an end to this inhuman practice, against which the day of zero tolerance was celebrated on XNUMX February.

- other: Gender Mainstreaming in the work of all the Parliamentary Committees, in compliance with the provisions of the 2030 Agenda; promote civil society organizations dealing with gender equality and women's empowerment through budget lines and specific programs; increase the participation of young European women in Parliament's decision-making processes

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

The Istanbul Convention has already been signed by all the member states of the European Union and ratified by 20 of them. I intend to inform my colleagues on the importance of the Convention being ratified by the European Union as well and to support the advocacy actions of civil society organizations in the Member States that have not yet ratified the convention.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: -
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: -
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: SI
- approach centered on the rights of all family members: SI
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: -
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: Financial education, education and support for women's scientific pathways. Freedom also passes through economic independence.

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: -
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: SI
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents): Economic support for contraception,

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): Associations that promote reproductive rights and hospital doctors

- specific projects: -

- material support to: -

- political activism for:  As a Member of Parliament I intend to oppose the activities of organizations that define themselves as pro life and which are actually anti-choice.

- other: Reproductive rights are a fundamental condition for the empowerment of women. However, they concern not only the right not to have children if a woman cannot / does not want it but also the right to have children using the tools that research has made available to them. As a future member of the European Parliament, I will listen to organizations and networks that promote women's freedom of choice, seeking to promote co-decision on the matter.

Candidate with: GREEN EUROPE  District: southern Italy

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): Nobody

Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): Nobody

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal: -

- proposed amendment on: -

- specific project: -

- material support to: women victims of violence and / or persecutory acts as a criminal lawyer

- political activism for: possibile

- other: -

Election program:

- promotion of regulatory instruments on: With the European Greens we want the adoption of legislative measures to promote and support the actions of the Member States in the field of prevention against gender-based violence

- political lobbying: WAVE - Women Against Violence Europe

- specific projects: extraordinary economic measures in favor of centers that deal with the protection and help of women victims of violence and information campaigns especially in peripheral areas

- material support a: D.i.Re

- political activism for: -

- other: -

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

All European countries must ratify the Istanbul Convention and to achieve this priority goal, I would certainly take action to establish an intergroup on policies to combat violence against women, girls and girls, possibly also physically present in European countries. which have not yet ratified.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: -
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gendered approach to violence against women: -
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: SI
- approach centered on the rights of all members of the family: -
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: -
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you: -

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: -
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: -
- through private financing mechanisms:

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents): the right to abortion must be included in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. With Europa Verde we want to ensure free and accessible, good quality and safe sexual and reproductive health care and services including abortion for all.

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders): -

- specific projects: -

- material support to: -

- political activism for: -

- other: -

Candidate with: M5S  District: North-East

Previous European political mandates (with list / party indication): Eurodeputto M5S 2014-2019

Previous Italian political mandates (with list / party indication): -

1) So far what has been your most important contribution to strengthen women's rights, especially the right of every woman to live free from all forms of violence and oppression? If you are elected, what do you plan to do about this? 

Past and present contributions:

- law proposal: I have supported countless proposals in the Committee on Women's Rights in plenary, including, for example, the implementation of the Directive on the prevention and suppression of trafficking in human beings and the protection of victims from a gender perspective and the resolution on situation of women refugees and asylum seekers in the EU.

- proposed amendment on: The amendments I tabled in the Commission for Women's Rights and in Parliament more generally are aimed at defending gender equality and protecting women's rights in various areas. Among the various proposals presented, one concerns the need to adopt new practices for the fight against sexual abuse, against prostitution and against trafficking in human beings, which represent growing and constantly evolving phenomena, both as regards the European dimension. than in a broader sense at the international level. In this sense, the importance of psychological and legal support for victims and web monitoring represent fundamental factors in terms of prevention and assistance. I also proposed to start medical and social care projects for women victims of violence, to strengthen reception structures to allow women to keep with them and take care of their children, as well as measures to prevent the phenomenon of brides. unfortunately still very common in Italy, in Europe and in the rest of the world.

- specific project: 

- material support to: —

- political activism for: My commitment has been aimed in particular at the fight against all forms of violence and torture that women in Europe and in the world suffer, including in some countries even the practice of stoning. I reiterated the importance of preventing the phenomenon of early marriages, strengthening the role of women in the workplace and digital for ever greater emancipation.

- other: 

Election program:
- promotion of regulatory instruments on: I undertake to propose legislative measures to establish minimum measures to combat violence against women and to harmonize the existing rules in the various states of the Union.

- political lobbying: It is important that active cooperation continues with associations that defend women from violence, which manage shelters, with legal assistance centers that provide support to victims, with medical centers for psychological support for victims.

- specific projects: I intend to propose projects that allow for an improvement in the state in place and in the assistance provided by shelters, as well as in the services provided to victims of violence; I also intend to reiterate the proposal to create a European year dedicated to combating violence against women.

- material support to:

- political activism for: I undertake to carry out political actions aimed at promoting a culture of respect for the dignity of women in the workplace, in the family, in politics and in public places, for a real recognition of the role of women in society, based on an equality towards men.

- other: 

2) If elected, how will it take action to promote ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU and its member states?

I undertake to promote and support Parliament's actions to ensure that the Commission initiates a legislative process that proposes specific measures to combat violence against women, which will support the ratification and adoption of the Istanbul Convention by the various states.

3) If elected, according to what criteria will it identify and support the associations / cooperatives active against violence against women? How will you ensure them adequate support? 

Criteria:
- exclusive activity in the field of violence against women: -
- prevalent activity in the field of violence against women: SI
- activities in various fields including violence in the family: -
- gender approach to violence against women: SI
- approach centered on the rights of the minors involved: SI
- approach centered on the rights of all family members: SI
- minimum number of years of experience in the specific field: -
- other 3 fundamental criteria for you:Approach aimed at the legal, medical and psychological support of victims of violence.

Support:
- through public funding mechanisms: SI
- through mixed public-private financing mechanisms: -
- through private financing mechanisms: -

4) As a future member of the European Parliament, how will you work to ensure that women have the freedom to decide on their reproductive rights?

- promotion of regulatory tools on (indication of specific tools and contents):

- political lobbying at (indication of forms and referents, stakeholders):

- specific projects: -

- material support to: -

- political activism for: The actions that I will carry out will be aimed at ensuring that the principles currently sanctioned by the Italian laws on the subject (Law 194) continue to be in force without any interventions that could prejudice and / or compromise them, supporting improvement measures for assistance to women, for their full information and access to health services.

- other: